Also known as the Kalinga fort, the Jaugarh Fort derives its name from Jau means Lac and Garh means Fort.Firstly documented by a team from Heldenberg University, the Jaugarh or Samapa in earlier days was once a fortified provincial capital of Kalinga soon after its conqure by Ashoka. The walls were made of lac, being slippery provided protection from climbing by enemy.The square shaped fort now without any signs of Lac walls,however still attracts many scolars and tourists for the Rock edicts of Ashoka present inside the fort.Protected by the Archeological Survey of India,the edicts are found to be written in Prakrit language in Pali scripts.
The Rock edicts describes the changed and compassionate Ashoka the great.A total of 14 edicts except the 13 th are available.After the carnage of Kalinga war, Ashoka followed Buddhism but never imposed it upon followers other religions.Often he would invite religious heads of other religion to discuss on welfare of its people.
Jaugarh is situated at 35 kms from Berhampur.Other tourist attractions are the Tara Tarini temple on the way and thee Shiba temple, 2 kms away from Jaugarh.
Mode of transport: Car/taxi
Nearest airport is Bhubaneswar.
Nearest railway station: Berhampur.
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